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To further our lives, studies are made. The dense urban space where most of the “developed” world lives is the product of these studies – forceful experiments in habiting. This is where the project of modernity is practiced. George Monbiot argues: sustainable cities must be compact and high-density, such as the modernist plans of existenzminimum prescribed. With increasing population, though, city planning is overwhelmed by density to a point where Sydney is paying inhabitants to leave. On the other hand, effectively strict (totalitarian) planning historically breeds counteraction.

The playground of tomorrow is the republic of tomorrow – Lee Hamner at the National Conference of Charities and Correction, 1910. The Playground Movement of the U.S recognized how big an impact play space has on a child’s development, as recreation is the means through which living in an urban society can be made tolerable. One of its key foundations was: inasmuch as play under proper conditions is essential to the health and the physical, social, and moral wellbeing of the child, playgrounds are a necessity for all children as much as schools. The underlying condition for building playgrounds was the increasing danger of the urban environment – mass production of cars and the inadequate infrastructure for such traffic as well as growing density and decayed plots being ill suited for safe children’s play. The growing speed of surroundings began to inhibit play as much as play became to inhibit speed itself.


A long term photographic study on the built environment of the urban playground.

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